What is a counter seam in sewing?
Counter Seams: One piece of fabric turned down on the right side while the other adjoining fabric is turned upwards on the wrong side. From here the turned seam allowances are interlocked and edge-stitched along both folds- forming a sturdy 3-layered seam.
What are the 4 types of sewing?
Running Stitch. The running stitch is the most basic of all sewing stitches.
What are the 4 basic seams?
All basics seams used in clothing construction are variants on four basic types of seams:
- Plain seams.
- French seams.
- Flat-fell seams.
- Lapped seams.
What are some sewing terms?
Sewing Glossary – sewing terms explained for the beginner
- Armscye. The armscye or armhole is the opening in the bodice where you attach the sleeve.
- Backstitch / Back tack. 2 or 3 reverse stitches to secure the stitches at the beginning and end of a seam.
- Bar tack.
- Bias Binding.
What are the 3 types of seams?
There are several different types of seams, each with its own characteristics.
- Plain seam. A plain seam is the simplest type of seam and can be used on almost any item.
- Double-stitched seam.
- French seam.
- Bound seam.
- Flat-felled seam.
- Welt seam.
- Lapped seam.
When should you Preshrink your fabric?
It’s worth the time to preshrink your fabric before sewing to avoid any mishaps after your garment is made. Preshrinking fabric will also let you know how it holds up to being laundered.
What is lockstitch stitch?
Definition of lockstitch : a sewing machine stitch formed by the looping together of two threads one on each side of the material being sewn.
Do I really need a coverstitch machine?
But if you sew, or want to start sewing, more knit garments, then a coverstitch will be immensely helpful. You can also use it for jeans-making, attaching elastic, neckline finishes, decorative seams and other fun stuff. So this is definitely a machine you can grow with too.
What are the different types of hems?
The main 5 types of hems are:
- Double fold hem.
- Narrow hem.
- Bias tape hem.
- Blind hem.
- Single fold hem – Zig-zag or overlocked hem.
What are knitting terms?
alt: Alternate – worked on every other row or stitch. beg: Begin or beginning – to start as specified or position to be worked at or from, measured from or marked. cont: Continue – carry on working. dec: Decrease or decreasing – by working 2 or more stitches together.
What do you call the edge of a garment?
Hem – The finished bottom edge of a garment. The hem indicates the edge which is usually folded up and sewn, thus creating a neat and even finish.
What are the categories of seams?
In clothing construction, seams are classified by their type (plain, lapped, bound, flat) and position in the finished garment (centre back seam, inseam, side seam). Seams are finished with a variety of techniques to prevent ravelling of raw fabric edges and to neaten the inside of garments.
What is the meaning of sewing terms?
SEWING TERMS : A Glossary of frequently used sewing words. An insulation, padding, or stiffening fabric, either sewn to the wrong side of the lining or the inner side of the outer shell fabric. The interlining is used primarily to provide warmth in coats, jackets, and outerwear.
What is lining in sewing terms?
Glossary of Sewing Terms: Lining: An inner layer of fabric that provides a “slippery” layer underneath a garment to allow it to move freely around the body when worn. Muslin: An inexpensive, normally un-dyed fabric used to create pattern pieces, or to test out a garment before using the more expensive permanent fabric.
What is Serging in quilting?
Serging: A method of looping threads over the raw edge of the fabric to finish the edge to prevent fraying. Shirring: Several gathered seams in a row next to each other. This can easily be achieved by using elastic thread. Smocking: A technique in which pleats are gathered and folded in a variety of formations to make texture.
What does quilting mean in sewing?
Quilting: A method of sewing (or tying) two layers of cloth together with an inner layer of batting between it. Right Side: The “front” side of the fabric; usually the printed side of the fabric. Ruche: A pleated or gathered strip of fabric used to embellish a garment or project.