Why does brain drain have a negative impact on India?
India has three million college graduates per year, which is problematic because there is a lack of educated work (Davis & Hart, 2010, p. 516). Indian’s cannot get work for the degrees they obtain. They then must look Page 7 BRAIN DRAIN 7 elsewhere, hence the brain drain issue.
What are the major causes of brain drain in Indian society?
Brain drain is often associated with de-skilling of emigrants in their country of destination, while their country of emigration experiences the draining of skilled individuals. Brain-drain can have many reasons, for example-political instability of a nation, lack of opportunities, health risks, personal conflicts etc.
What are the causes and effects of brain drain?
The main causes include seeking employment or higher paying jobs, political instability, and to seek a better quality of life. Causes of brain drain can be categorized into push factors and pull factors.
What are the benefits of brain drain?
A brain drain stimulates education, induces remittance flows, reduces international transaction costs, and generates benefits in source countries from both returnees and the diaspora abroad.
Why is it called brain drain?
The term “brain drain” was coined by the Royal Society to describe the emigration of “scientists and technologists” to North America from post-war Europe. Another source indicates that this term was first used in the United Kingdom to describe the influx of Indian scientists and engineers.
What countries are affected by brain drain?
A number of countries—especially small countries in Africa, the Caribbean, and Central America—lost more than 30 percent of this group to migration. We have also found a sizable brain drain from Iran, Korea, the Philippines, and Taiwan Province of China.
What are the disadvantages of brain drain?
Problems of the ‘Brain Drain’ – net emigration
- Less tax revenue from losing income tax.
- Decline in competitiveness.
- Loses potential entrepreneurs.
- It can lead to a shortage of key skilled workers.
- Reduces confidence in the economy; people aspire to leave rather than stay.
- Non-economic costs.
- Lower growth.