Who are the main philosophers?
- Saint Thomas Aquinas (1225–1274)
- Aristotle (384–322 BCE)
- Confucius (551–479 BCE)
- René Descartes (1596–1650)
- Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803 82)
- Michel Foucault (1926-1984)
- David Hume (1711–77)
- Immanuel Kant (1724–1804)
Which famous philosopher was a Plato student?
Aristotle of Stagira
How does Plato connected knowledge and reality?
Plato believed that there are truths to be discovered; that knowledge is possible. Since truth is objective, our knowledge of true propositions must be about real things. According to Plato, these real things are Forms. Their nature is such that the only mode by which we can know them is rationality.
What does Plato have to say about Sense experience?
Plato is an example of a rationalist. He says that sense experience fails to provide us with any guarantee that what we experience is, in fact, true. The information we get by relying on sense experience is constantly changing and often unreliable.
What does Plato consider the lowest level of reality?
Plato states there are four stages of knowledge development: Imagining, Belief, Thinking, and Perfect Intelligence. Imagining is at the lowest level of this developmental ladder. Imagining, here in Plato’s world, is not taken at its conventional level but of appearances seen as “true reality”.
What are the levels of reality?
Chwistek called what we term the material point of view the “theory of the plurality of realities,” and he distinguished four levels: those of natural, physical, phenomenal and intuitive reality.
What would Plato consider to be most real?
Matter is considered particular in itself. For Plato, forms, such as beauty, are more real than any objects that imitate them. Super-ordinate to matter, Forms are the most pure of all things. Furthermore, he believed that true knowledge/intelligence is the ability to grasp the world of Forms with one’s mind.
How many levels of reality are there for Plato?
Plato believed that there were four levels or approaches to knowledge and genuine understanding. They are illustrated in the REPUBLIC in the allegory of the cave and in the divided line.
How do I get my philosophy published?
There are a great many ways to publish your ideas and work: blogging, online forums and academic websites, conference papers and proceedings, book reviews, replies to other authors and papers, survey articles, book chapters, handbook chapters, peer-reviewed journal articles.
What is the aim of philosophy according to Plato?
Like most other ancient philosophers, Plato maintains a virtue-based eudaemonistic conception of ethics. That is to say, happiness or well-being (eudaimonia) is the highest aim of moral thought and conduct, and the virtues (aretê: ‘excellence’) are the requisite skills and dispositions needed to attain it.
How do you keep a philosophy journal?
Stoic Exercise: Keep a Philosophical Journal
- Reflect on life and record lessons so you don’t forget your insights and repeat mistakes.
- Be able to express yourself completely honestly.
- Verbalise and make explicit your thoughts and feelings.
- Motivate and inspire yourself.
How do you read a philosophy paper?
- Skim the Article to Find its Conclusion and Get a Sense of its Structure.
- Go Back and Read the Article Carefully.
- Evaluate the Author’s Arguments.