What is observation and its importance?
Observation is a very important part of science. It lets us see the results of an experiment, even if they are not the results we expect. It lets us see unexpected things around us that might stimulate our curiosity, leading to new experiments. Even more important than observation is accurate observation.
What are the advantages of observations?
The main advantage of observation is its directness. We can collect data at the time they occur. The observer does not have to ask people about their behavior and reports from others. He or she can simply watch as individuals act and speak.
What is the disadvantages of observation?
Time consuming and may involve large amount of inactivity. Observations may lack depth and qualitative richness. If the ethics are not handled well, legal action can be taken.
What are the disadvantages of participant observation?
The disadvantages of this stance are that the researcher may lack objectivity, the group members may feel distrustful of the researcher when the research role is revealed, and the ethics of the situation are questionable, since the group members are being deceived.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of direct observation?
Advantages/DisadvantagesAdvantages of Direct ObservationDisadvantages of Direct ObservationEmpirical data Inter-rater reliability (if using multiple observers) No problems with self-report biasMay impact behavioral or environmental factors Time consuming Small sample size
What is an example of direct observation?
For example, if you were sitting at a bus stop and observing jaywalkers at a nearby intersection, people would likely not notice you watching them. Or if you were sitting on a bench at a local park observing the behavior of a group of young men playing hacky sack, they probably would not suspect you were studying them.
What is an example of indirect observation?
Indirect observation involves the analysis of textual material generated either indirectly from transcriptions of audio recordings of verbal behavior in natural settings (e.g., conversation, group discussions) or directly from narratives (e.g., letters of complaint, tweets, forum posts).
What are some examples of observation?
Scientific Observation ExamplesA scientist looking at a chemical reaction in an experiment.A doctor watching a patient after administering an injection.An astronomer looking at the night sky and recording data regarding the movement and brightness of the objects he sees.
What is the difference between a direct observation and an indirect observation?
Direct observation is operationally defined as an observation made by using your senses as opposed to indirect observation made by using instruments and measuring devices.
What is a direct observation?
Direct observation is the collection of information using your senses. By observing, you can document activities, behavior, and physical aspects of a situation without having to depend on peoples’ willingness or ability to respond accurately to questions.
What are the two main types of observation?
The two categories of observations are quantitative and qualitative. Quantitative observations involve numeric data, such as a frequency count….
Where can Observation be used?
Observation is used in the social sciences as a method for collecting data about people, processes, and cultures.
What is an observation in data collection?
An observation is a data collection method, by which you gather knowledge of the researched phenomenon through making observations of the phenomena, as and when it occurs. There exist various observation practices, and your role as an observer may vary according to the research approach.