What is dual purpose research?
Dual Use Research is defined as research conducted for legitimate purposes that generates knowledge, information, technologies, and/or products that could be utilized for both benevolent and harmful purposes.
What are the dual use agents?
The pathogens, toxins and genetic elements with such character are called dual-use biological agents; and the equipment with such character is called dual-use biological equipment.
What is dual use biotechnology?
Research with the potential to be misused for illicit purposes is said to be ‘dual use. ‘ Simply stated, the techniques needed to engineer a bioweapon are the same as those needed to pursue legitimate research.
What is dual use gain of function research?
The conundrum of dual use research of concern was crystallized by the so-called “gain-of-function” type of experiments in which avian influenza viruses were endowed with new properties in the laboratory such as increased virulence and the capacity for mammalian transmission.
What is DURC research?
Dual Use Research of Concern (DURC) is life sciences research that, based on current understanding, can be reasonably anticipated to provide knowledge, information, products, or technologies that could be directly misapplied to pose a significant threat with broad potential consequences to public health and safety.
Why is dual use research an ethical dilemma?
It is an ethical dilemma for the researcher because of the potential actions of others, e.g., malevolent non-researchers who might steal dangerous biological agents, or make use of the original researcher’s work. And it is a dilemma for governments concerned with the security of their citizens, as well as their health.
What are DURC agents?
- Avian influenza virus (highly pathogenic)
- Bacillus anthracis.
- Botulinum neurotoxin (For purposes of this Policy, there are no exempt quantities of botulinum neurotoxin.
- Burkholderia mallei.
- Burkholderia pseudomallei.
- Ebola virus.
- Foot-and-mouth disease virus.
- Francisella tularensis.
Who DURC definition?
“Dual use research of concern,” or “DURC,” is life sciences research that, based on current understanding, can be reasonably anticipated to provide knowledge, information, products, or technologies that could be directly misapplied to pose a significant threat with broad potential consequences to public health and …
What is dual use research of concern DURC?
Dual-use research of concern (DURC) describes research that is intended to provide a clear benefit, but which could easily be misapplied to do harm. It usually refers to work in the life sciences, but the principles are also applicable to other fields including engineering and information technology.
What are questionable research practices?
Questionable research practices (QRPs), such as excluding data points on the basis of post hoc criteria, can spuriously increase the likelihood of finding evidence in support of a hypothesis.
How is the dual use dilemma best described?
What is the Dual-use Dilemma? The so-called “dual-use dilemma” arises in the context of research in the biological and other sciences as a consequence of the fact that one and the same piece of scientific research sometimes has the potential to be used for harm as well as for good.
Are biological weapons ethical?
Using CBW agents comes with many ethical dilemmas and consequential side-effects. Chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons are designed to yield a great number of deaths. As backed by Virtues Ethics, this mass killing caused by CBW is unethical and unjustified.