What is dantrolene used for?
Dantrolene is used to help relax certain muscles in your body. It relieves the spasms, cramping, and tightness of muscles caused by certain medical problems such as multiple sclerosis (MS), cerebral palsy, stroke, or injury to the spine.
Is dantrolene still used?
Dantrolene is the only currently accepted specific treatment for MH. In an episode of MH, muscle metabolism is dramatically increased secondary to an increase in calcium within the muscle. This causes muscles to contract, ATP hydrolysis, and heat production.
How do you constitute dantrolene?
Each vial of dantrolene sodium for injection should be reconstituted by adding 60 mL of sterile water for injection USP (without a bacteriostatic agent), and the vial shaken for approximately 20 seconds or until the solution is clear.
What is the black box warning for dantrolene?
The therapy also includes a black box warning on the prescription drug label to call attention to serious or life-threatening risks. Dantrium may cause serious liver toxicity and symptomatic hepatitis (fatal or nonfatal) with different dosages.
When do you give dantrolene?
Oral Administration of Dantrium Capsules: Administer 4 to 8 mg/kg/day of oral Dantrium in three or four divided doses for 1 or 2 days prior to surgery, with the last dose being given with a minimum of water approximately 3 to 4 hours before scheduled surgery.
Who should not take dantrolene?
Warnings: Rarely, dantrolene may cause very serious (possibly fatal) liver problems. The risk is greater if you use high doses of dantrolene (over 400-800 milligrams per day), or are female, older than 35 years, or taking other. Signs of liver problems usually appear between 3-12 months of treatment.
Who manufactures dantrolene?
Dantrium® IV | Par Pharmaceutical.
Who makes dantrolene?
It is marketed by Par Pharmaceuticals LLC as Dantrium (in North America) and by Norgine BV as Dantrium, Dantamacrin, or Dantrolen (in Europe). A hospital is recommended to keep a minimum stock of 36 dantrolene vials totaling 720 mg, sufficient for a 70-kg person.
What is another name for dantrolene?
Dantrium, Ryanodex (dantrolene) dosing, indications, interactions, adverse effects, and more.
How do you administer IV dantrolene?
Dantrium Intravenous should be administered by continuous rapid intravenous push beginning at a minimum dose of 1 mg/kg, and continuing until symptoms subside or the maximum cumulative dose of 10 mg/kg has been reached. If the physiologic and metabolic abnormalities reappear, the regimen may be repeated.
Can you drink alcohol with dantrolene?
dantrolene food Alcohol can increase the nervous system side effects of dantrolene such as dizziness, drowsiness, and difficulty concentrating. Some people may also experience impairment in thinking and judgment. You should avoid or limit the use of alcohol while being treated with dantrolene.
What is the dosing for dantrolene?
Adults—At first, 25 milligrams (mg) once a day. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed. However, the dose is usually not more than 100 mg four times a day.