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Are white dwarfs diamonds?

Astronomers aren’t being poetic when they say this star is a diamond. Scientists have identified what is possibly the coldest white dwarf ever detected. In fact, this dim stellar corpse is so cold that its carbon has crystallized, effectively forming a diamond the size of Earth, astronomers said.

Where did Annie Jump Cannon grew up?

Dover, Delaware

How hot is a white dwarf?

180,000 degrees Fahrenheit

What was the name of the group led by Annie Jump Cannon that discovered the spectral method for classifying stars?

Pickering’s Harem

What school did Annie Jump Cannon go to?

Wellesley College1907

Which stars have the strongest hydrogen lines in their spectra?

Hydrogen lines are strongest in A stars with atmospheric temperatures of about 10,000 K. Ionized metals provide the most conspicuous lines in stars with temperatures from 6000 to 7500 K (spectral type F). In the coolest M stars (below 3500 K), absorption bands of titanium oxide and other molecules are very strong.

Which star is the brightest white dwarf?

Sirius B

What is the largest white dwarf?

Extremes

Title Star Date
Most massive RE J0317-853 1998
Least massive SDSS J463821.8 2007
Largest Z Andromedae B
Smallest RE J0317-853 2010

Which star has the highest surface temperature?

Type O stars

What is the oldest white dwarf?

J0207 is estimated to be a mere three-billion years old and just 145 light years away. Pic An amateur astronomer has discovered the oldest-known white dwarf star, sitting 145 light years away from Earth in the Capricornus constellation.

Why is a white dwarf still glowing?

The imploded white dwarf has its internal energy compressed into a very small volume. Hence they initially shine at a very high temperature. This is not realistic, for as the white dwarf forms it radiates most of its energy to eject off the outer layers into a nebular cloud.

What did Annie Jump Cannon do?

Known as the “census taker of the sky,” Annie Jump Cannon was a brilliant astronomer that revolutionized the way scientists classify stars. Not only did she develop the important Harvard spectral system, she also classified about 350,000 stars manually.

How do white dwarfs die?

Carbon–oxygen white dwarfs accreting mass from a neighboring star undergo a runaway nuclear fusion reaction, which leads to a Type Ia supernova explosion in which the white dwarf may be destroyed, before it reaches the limiting mass.

How many siblings did Annie Jump Cannon have?

Annie, the subject of this biography, was the eldest of Wilson’s three children with his second wife, Mary Jump, having two younger brothers, Wilson Lee Cannon (born about 1866) and Robert Barrett Cannon (born about 1869).

Why do the coolest stars show weak Balmer lines?

Since the Balmer series lines require electrons to already be in level 2, if there are no hydrogen electrons in level 2 in the gas, there will not be any Balmer series hydrogen lines created by that gas. So, very cool stars will have weak Balmer series hydrogen lines, too.

Which of the following spectral types is hottest?

Spectral Classification of Stars

  • O stars are the hottest, with temperatures from about 20,000K up to more than 100,000K.
  • B stars have temperatures between about 10,000 and 20,000K.
  • A stars have strong absorption lines of Hydrogen.
  • F stars are slightly hotter than the Sun.

Post Author: alisa