Why did brain drain take place in India?
Pull factors are identified as higher standards of living and working, family reunions and better prospects for children (www.reservebank.gov) Consequently, these factors are the main reason for India’s brain drain.
What are some of the effects of brain drain on the home country?
Brain drain is bad for the country because it is loosing skilled workers which takes time and resources to make them. It also reduces the chances to flourish democracy in that country because democracy and education are correlated. Educated people strife for better quality of life and work.
Which countries are experiencing brain drain?
The LDCs most affected by brain drain are African LDCs, Haiti, and some island LDCs (see chart). “Skilled” emigration rates are particularly high for countries that were affected by political instability in the 1980s and 1990s, for the poorest countries, and for small islands.
Is brain drain a new phenomenon?
The “Brain Drain” is not a phenomenon that only concerns developing countries. In many developed countries, skilled workers are beginning to feel threatened by the large amounts of skilled labor force entering their country because they now have to compete for jobs with migrants (Kapur and McHale 2005).
What are the main causes and effects of brain drain?
Several common causes precipitate brain drain on the geographic level including political instability, poor quality of life, limited access to health care, and a shortage of economic opportunity. These factors prompt skilled and talented workers to leave source countries for places that offer better opportunities.
Why does brain drain happen?
Brain drain refers to the emigration (out-migration) of knowledgeable, well-educated, and skilled professionals from their home country to another country. Other factors that can cause brain drain include: war or conflict, health risks, and political instability.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of brain drain?
Moreover, the money migrants sent back are spent more in investments such as education, health and housing, rather than on food and other goods. Disadvantages Due to the influence of brain drain, the investment in higher education is lost as the highly educated person leaves India and becomes an asset to other country.
What are the pull factors of brain drain?
- 1) Under employment,
- 2) Economic under development;
- 3) Low wage/salary,
- 4) political instability;
- 5) Over production and under utilization or HQM;
- 6) Lack of research and other facilities;
- 7) Lack of freedom;
- 8) Discrimination in appointment and promotion;
What is the difference between brain drain and brain gain?
Brain drain is the loss suffered by a region as a result of the emigration of a (highly) qualified person, while brain gain is when a country benefits as a consequence of immigration of a highly qualified person. …
What is meant by brain gain?
an increase in the number of highly trained, foreign-born professionals entering a country to live and work where greater opportunities are offered.