What is the classification of DM?
The classification of diabetes mellitus includes Type 1, Type 2, and gestational diabetes, plus a catchall known simply as “other.”
What are the main causes of diabetes mellitus?
It’s clear that certain factors increase the risk, however, including:
- Weight. The more fatty tissue you have, the more resistant your cells become to insulin.
- Family history.
- Race or ethnicity.
- Gestational diabetes.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome.
- High blood pressure.
How do you diagnose diabetes mellitus?
Fasting blood sugar test. A fasting blood sugar level less than 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) is normal. A fasting blood sugar level from 100 to 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L) is considered prediabetes. If it’s 126 mg/dL (7 mmol/L) or higher on two separate tests, you have diabetes.
What is the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes?
The pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes ordinarily involves the development of insulin resistance associated with compensatory hyperinsulinemia, followed by progressive beta-cell impairment that results in decreasing insulin secretion and hyperglycemia.
What is idiopathic diabetes?
Type 1b or idiopathic diabetes: an unusual form of phenotypic type 1 diabetes with almost complete insulin deficiency, a strong hereditary component, and no evidence of autoimmunity. Reported mainly in Africa and Asia.
What are the 5 types of diabetes?
The 5 (Yes, 5) Groups of Diabetes
- The Study.
- Group 1: Severe Autoimmune Diabetes (SAID)
- Group 2: Severe Insulin-Deficient Diabetes (SIDD)
- Group 3: Severe Insulin-Resistant Diabetes (SIRD)
- Group 4: Mild Obesity-Related Diabetes (MOD)
- Group 5: Mild Age-Related Diabetes (MARD)
- The Takeaway.
What kind of food should diabetics avoid?
- Fried meats.
- Higher-fat cuts of meat, such as ribs.
- Pork bacon.
- Regular cheeses.
- Poultry with skin.
- Deep-fried fish.
- Deep-fried tofu.
- Beans prepared with lard.
What are complications of type 2 diabetes?
Short-term complications of type 2 diabetes are hypoglycemia (very low blood glucose) and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome (HHNS), which is very high blood glucose. Long-term complications of type 2 are diabetic retinopathy, kidney disease (nephropathy), diabetic neuropathy, and macrovascular problems.
How does type 2 diabetes affect the body?
If you have Type 2 diabetes, your body’s cells can’t properly take up sugar (glucose) from the foods you eat. If left untreated, Type 2 diabetes can cause such health problems as heart disease, kidney disease and stroke.
Are there different severities of type 1 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes may be two conditions that need different treatments. Diabetes is generally thought to come in two forms: type 1 and type 2. But a study suggests type 1 diabetes could be two separate conditions, meaning there are more forms than we realised. People with diabetes tend to have high blood sugar levels.