What is Supererogation philosophy?

What is Supererogation philosophy?

“Supererogation” is now a technical term in philosophy for a range of ideas expressed by terms such as “good but not required,” “beyond the call of duty,” “praiseworthy but not obligatory,” and “good to do but not bad not to do” (seeduty and obligation; intrinsic value).

What is an example of supererogatory?

Typical examples of supererogatory acts are saintly and heroic acts, which involve great sacrifice and risk for the agent and a great benefit to the recipient. However, more ordinary acts of charity, beneficence, and generosity are equally supererogatory.

What does it mean to say that an action is supererogatory?

Supererogation is the technical term for the class of actions that go “beyond the call of duty.” Roughly speaking, supererogatory acts are morally good although not (strictly) required.

What is the difference between duty and Supererogation?

In ethics, an act is supererogatory if it is good but not morally required to be done. It refers to an act that is more than is necessary, when another course of action—involving less—would still be an acceptable action. It differs from a duty, which is an act wrong not to do, and from acts morally neutral.

Who founded consequentialism?

The term consequentialism was coined by G. E. M. Anscombe in her essay “Modern Moral Philosophy” in 1958, to describe what she saw as the central error of certain moral theories, such as those propounded by Mill and Sidgwick.

What is consequentialist and Nonconsequentialist?

According to consequentialism, the consequences of an action determine whether that action was moral. So we are judging the outcome, not the action itself. The other side of this is non-consequentialism, in which actions are moral if they adhere to moral law.

What is the difference between obligatory and supererogatory?

The third approach appeals to virtue and vice, holding that obligatory actions are those failure to perform which reveals some defect in the agent’s character, while supererogatory actions are those that may be omitted without vice.

Is Supererogation a normative idea?

It differs from a duty, which is an act wrong not to do, and from acts morally neutral. Supererogation may be considered as performing above and beyond a normative course of duty to further benefits and functionality.

What does Optimific mean?

Productive of the best outcome
Quick Reference Productive of the best outcome. According to consequentialism, the aim of action should be to act optimifically. From: optimific in The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy »

What’s another word for supererogatory?

Supererogatory Synonyms – WordHippo Thesaurus….What is another word for supererogatory?

superfluous surplus
excess excessive
supernumerary spare
needless dispensable
unneeded inessential

What is supererogation?

Etymologically, the term “supererogation” refers to paying more than is due. Philosophically, it relates to the category of actions that lie beyond the call of duty.

What is the root word of communication?

communication (n.) early 15c., “act of communicating, act of imparting, discussing, debating, conferring,” from Old French comunicacion (14c., Modern French communication) and directly from Latin communicationem (nominative communicatio) “a making common, imparting, communicating; a figure of speech,” noun of action from past-participle stem

What is a supererogatory act?

Gregory Mellema later posited a more specific definition: a moral act may be described as supererogatory if (1) performing the act fulfills no moral duty, (2) performing the act is morally praiseworthy, and (3) omitting the act is not morally blameworthy. 2

What is Urmson’s deontic framework of supererogation?

Critical of J. O. Urmson’s and David Heyd’s deontic (act-focused) framework for conceptualizing supererogation, the book focuses on the virtue of saints and heroes and the way they serve as the focus for emulation by ordinary moral agents.

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