What is Epiphysiolysis?
Epiphysiolysis is the separation of the epiphysis from the metaphysis as the result of the formation of a horizontal fissure through an abnormal physis. The condition is most common in pigs and dogs, but it is also reported in calves, lambs, and foals.
What is the difference between SCFE and SUFE?
Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (SCFE) or Slipped Upper Femoral Epiphysis (SUFE) relates to the slipping of the neck of the femur (thighbone) within the socket (acetabulum). SCFE is a condition that appears to be on the increase in the UK and worldwide.
What is SUFE?
A slipped upper femoral epiphysis (SUFE) is a condition involving the hip joint. The hip joint works as a ball and socket.
What is Skiffy in the hip?
Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE; pronounced “skiffy”) is when the top of the thighbone slips out of place. To understand SCFE, it helps to know a little about what the hip joint looks like. The top part of the thighbone is shaped like a ball (femoral head).
What is an Epiphysiodesis surgery?
Epiphysiodesis is the surgical ablation of a physis to stop its future growth, generally used to correct a leg length discrepancy. Prediction of leg length discrepancy at skeletal maturity can be difficult and multiple methods have been developed to provide an estimate.
What causes Apophysitis?
Apophysitis is an inflammation or stress injury to the areas on or around growth plates in children and adolescents. Apophysitis is usually caused by repetitive overuse activities like running, jumping, and throwing but can also occur as an acute injury with a fall or rapid, powerful movement.
How common is SUFE?
SUFE is relatively common and occurs between 0.2 and 10 per 100,000 population. It is more common in boys (60%) than girls with the mean age at diagnosis being 13.5 years in boys and 12 years in girls. Approximately 50% of adolescents with SUFE are above the 95th percentile for weight.
What causes SCFE?
The exact cause of SCFE is not known. There are, however, many factors that are associated with this condition. These factors lead to weakening of the growth plate (also called the “physis”) which then causes the femoral head (ball of the femur) to slip off the neck of the femur. Obesity is a major risk factor.
How painful is SUFE?
The child may complain of vague pain in the groin, thigh or knee. SUFE commonly presents with knee pain as the only presenting complaint. A very reliable sign of a chronic SUFE, even when mild, is detection of obligatory external rotation during flexion of the hip.
What age is SUFE?
A SUFE is when the head of the femur (thigh bone) slips off in a backwards direction, for reasons that are not known. It usually happens around puberty between the ages of 11 and 17 years and is more common in boys than girls.
What causes Skiffy?
Is epiphysiodesis surgery painful?
It is normal for your knee to hurt after your surgery. You will be given some medicine to help with the pain.