What are the components of X-ray generator?
The major components of an X-ray generator are the tube, the high voltage generator, the control console, and the cooling system. As discussed earlier in this material, X-rays are generated by directing a stream of high speed electrons at a target material such as tungsten, which has a high atomic number.
What are the main components of an x-ray tube?
The major x-ray tube components are the cathode and anode assemblies, the tube envelope, the rotor and stator (for rotating anode systems), and the tube housing.
How does an X-ray generator work?
The x-ray generator delivers the electrical power to energize the x-ray tube and permits the selection of x-ray energy, x-ray quantity, and exposure time. and dissipation rates specific to a generator and x-ray tube target and housing.
How is x-ray radiation generated?
X-rays are commonly produced in X-ray tubes by accelerating electrons through a potential difference (a voltage drop) and directing them onto a target material (i.e. tungsten). The incoming electrons release X-rays as they slowdown in the target (braking radiation or bremsstrahlung).
What component of the x-ray tube is the source of X-rays?
Anode: The anode represents the component in which the x-rays are produced. It is a piece of metal, shaped in the form of a beveled disk, connected to the positive side of electrical circuit. The anode converts the energy of the electrons into X-rays and dissipates the heat, considered the byproduct.
What are the three main parts of the x-ray imaging system?
Regardless of its design, every x-ray machines has 3 principal parts: The x-ray tube, The Operating Console, and The High Voltage Generators.
What is the function of kVp?
kVp controls the penetrating strength of an x-ray beam (beam quality). Whenever an exposure is made, the x-rays must be energetic (strong enough) to adequately penetrate through the area of interest. The higher the kVp, the more likely the x-ray beam will be able to penetrate through thicker or more dense material.
How are X-rays produced in the lab?
X Rays are produced in labs by directing an energetic beam of particles or radiation, at a target material. The energetic beam can be electrons, protons, or other X rays. X Rays for crystallographic studies are typically generated by bombarding a metal target with an energetic beam of electrons.
What type of radiation is X-ray?
X-rays are a form of electromagnetic radiation, similar to visible light. Unlike light, however, x-rays have higher energy and can pass through most objects, including the body. Medical x-rays are used to generate images of tissues and structures inside the body.
Which component of the x-ray tube contains the focal spot?
Which component of the x-ray tube contains the focal spot? The focal spot is contained within the anode target. The focal spot (or “focal track”) is the specific area on the anode in which incident electrons are converted to x-rays.
What are the four essential elements required for x-ray production?
There are four essential requirements for the production of x-rays: (1) a vacuum, (2) a source of electrons, (3) a target, and (4) a high potential difference (voltage) between the electron source and the target.
What are the components of the imaging system?
Components of Image Processing System
- Image Sensors: Image sensors senses the intensity, amplitude, co-ordinates and other features of the images and passes the result to the image processing hardware.
- Image Processing Hardware:
- Image Processing Software:
- Mass Storage:
- Hard Copy Device:
- Image Display: