What are concessionary companies?
Concessionary companies, a transitional phenomenon of the post-1880 partition of Africa and the early colonial period, were a remake of the seventeenth-century joint-stock companies through which England, the Netherlands, France, and other European powers exploited and ruled their first overseas empires.
What were the long term effects of imperialism in the Congo?
Long- Term Affects of Imperialism in the Congo The Congo has a very poor economy, and most of its citizens make a living as farmers. Although it is still a developing country, the Congo does have a large number of natural resources, copper being one of its main primary resources.
What are rubber concessions?
Rubber Collection. The concession companies forced individuals within their concessions to collect rubber as a form. of paying taxes. The collection of rubber required little capital investment, in contrast to the. collection of other natural resources such as diamonds or minerals, and it did not require training.
What did the Force Publique do?
Under Leopold II the Force Publique was described as an “exceptionally brutal army”. One major purpose of the Force was to enforce the rubber quotas and other forms of forced labour. Armed with modern weapons and the chicote—a bull whip made of hippopotamus hide—soldiers of the FP often took and mistreated hostages.
What is a concessionary contract?
Concession contracts – partnerships between the public sector and a private company. Concession contracts are used by public authorities to deliver services or construct infrastructure. Concessions involve a contractual arrangement between a public authority and an economic operator (the concession holder).
What negative effects did King Leopold bring to the Congo?
Leopold acquired the Congo through unethical means and thus took the people‟s chances away at self-rule. He provided for no education or vocational training, which would stunt future Congolese leaders from making sound economic and political policies.
How did Congo resist imperialism?
Villagers knew that not gathering the specified quota of goods could mean the execution of their family. Such inhumane policies drove many villagers of the Congo to revolt and resist colonial rule. Rebellions were put down swiftly and violently, often by killing all those who refused to work.
What did Leopold II do to the Congo?
On February 5, 1885, Belgian King Leopold II established the Congo Free State by brutally seizing the African landmass as his personal possession. Rather than control the Congo as a colony, as other European powers did throughout Africa, Leopold privately owned the region.
What did the actions of Leopold 2 come to symbolize?
What did the actions of Leopold II come to symbolize? The brutality and worst aspects of European imperialism in Africa.
Why did they cut off hands in the Congo?
In the Congo Free State, Congolese hands were sys- tematically amputated when enslaved Africans failed to meet quotas for extract- ing rubber. Belgian colonists collected and smoked these severed hands to preserve them for later counting and recording.