Is Fitra Sadaqah or Zakat?
“The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) ordained Zakat ul Fitr [Fitrana] to purify the fasting person from indecent words or actions, and to provide food for the needy. It is accepted as Zakat for the person who gives it before the Eid prayer; but it is a mere Sadaqah for the one who gives it after the prayer. “
What is the difference between Fitrah and Fidyah?
The Noble Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “The fast remains suspended between Heaven and Earth until the fitrah is paid.” Fidya is the expiatory payment given if someone misses an obligatory fast due to a valid excuse and is unable to perform a make-up fast due to illness or old age.
Is Fitrana a Zakat?
Fitrana, also called Zakat ul-Fitr, is an obligatory charitable donation all Muslims are required to make during Ramadan. It stems from the third pillar of Islam, which is Zakat.
Who must pay Fitrah?
Before the Eid al-Fitr prayer at the end of Ramadan, every adult Muslim who possesses food in excess of their needs must pay zakat al-Fitr (fitrana). The head of household can also pay zakat al-Fitr for their dependants such as children, servants and any dependent relatives.
What are types of Zakat?
There are two types of Zakat that Muslims are obligated to pay: Zakat Al-Mal, or Zakat on Wealth, and Zakat Al-Fitr, the Zakat of Fast-Breaking, for the completion of the fasting month of Ramadan.
What is the meaning of Fitra in Islam?
Fitra or fitrah (Arabic: فطرة; ALA-LC: fiṭrah) is either the state of purity and innocence in which Muslims believe all humans to be born, or the ability to choose or reject God’s guidance, with which both humans and jinn are endowed.
Who are the 8 recipients of Zakat?
So, where can your zakat go?
- The poor (al-fuqarâ’), meaning low-income or indigent.
- The needy (al-masâkîn), meaning someone who is in difficulty.
- Zakat administrators.
- Those whose hearts are to be reconciled, meaning new Muslims and friends of the Muslim community.
- Those in bondage (slaves and captives).
What is Zakat paid on?
Zakat is based on income and the value of possessions. The common minimum amount for those who qualify is 2.5%, or 1/40 of a Muslim’s total savings and wealth. If personal wealth is below the nisab during one lunar year, no zakat is owed for that period.
Who must pay Zakat Fitr?
According to Islamic tradition (Sunnah), Ibn ‘Umar said that the Islam ic Prophet Muhammad made Zakat al-Fitr compulsory on every slave, freeman, male, female, young and old among the Muslims; one Saa` of dried dates or one Saa` of barley. The head of the household may pay the required amount for the other members.
Why do we pay Zakat Fitrah?
Purpose. The main purpose of Zakat al-Fitr is to provide the poor which they can celebrate the festival of breaking the fast (`Eid al-Fitr) along with the rest of the Muslims.
What are the 8 categories of Zakat?
What is the difference between Zakat and Zakat al Fitr?
The first difference between Zakat and Zakat al Fitr is eligibility. All Muslims must pay Zakat al Fitr regardless of their age or financial status (unless they honestly do not have the means to do so. The second difference lies in the amount due. The amount attributed to Zakat al Fitr is very small, and rarely exceeds £5.
Do I have to pay zakat If I don’t pay Sadaqat al-Fitr?
It is quite possible that someone may not have to pay the annual zakat but at the same time be required to pay the sadaqat al-fitr. For example, someone who does not have any zakatable items in his possession, like cash or trade goods, does not have to pay zakat.
How much is the nisab of zakat?
The standard Nisab of Zakat is Two Hundred Dirhams (silver coins) equivalent to 612.35 grams of silver or Twenty Mithqals of Gold equivalent to 87.479 grams of gold or any currency that equals the value of this amount of gold and silver.
Is zakat compulsory on cash?
Zakat is compulsory on cash, assets etc. which are in a person’s possession for an entire year. However, if perchance a person has liabilities on his cash etc. which if calculated will not qualify him as a Sahib Al-Nisab, then in such a case he will not be liable of discharging Zakat. What is Sadaqa tul Fitr?