How many electrons does sodium-22 have?

How many electrons does sodium-22 have?

Na -22 Na -25
# of protons 11 11
# of neutrons 11 14
# of electrons 11 11

Is sodium-22 radioactive?

Of the radioactive artificial isotopes, sodium-22 (2.6-year half-life, the longest half-life of a sodium isotope) is used as a radioactive tracer for natural sodium. Sodium-24 (15-hour half-life) is limited in use by its short life and is produced by irradiation in a nuclear reactor.

What is the difference between sodium-22 and sodium-23?

Sodium-22 is a radioactive isotope which decays into 22Ne by β+ decay. Its half-life is 2.6 years. Sodium-23 is the only stable isotope of sodium. It contains 12 neutrons.

What is the half-life of sodium-23?


Mass Number Half-life Decay Mode
24 14.997 hours Beta-minus Decay
24m 20.18 milliseconds Isomeric Transition
Beta-minus Decay

What is sodium-22 mass number?

Chemical Form: Soluble. Chemical Symbol: Na-22 or 22Na. Mass Number: 22 (11 neutrons) 2.

What is the atomic number for sodium-22?

= 11
It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Na-22 (Sodium, atomic number Z = 11, mass number A = 22).

What type of radiation does sodium 22 emit?

positron emission
One such isotope is sodium-22 (22Na), which decays by positron emission and emits a third γ-ray with 1,275 keV energy in addition to the two 511 keV γ-rays.

Is sodium a radioactive element?

Sodium-23 is the only naturally occurring isotope of sodium. Although six radioactive isotopes of sodium exist, only two have any commercial significance. These are described below: Sodium 22 and sodium 24 are two radioactive isotopes of sodium, which are used in medical applications.

Is sodium 22 stable?

Sodium-22, sodium’s most stable radioactive isotope, has a half-life of 2.6 years.

What sodium 24 is used for?

Sodium 24 is used as an electrolyte tracer to follow the path sodium takes in a person’s body to see if their uptake levels are within normal ranges, while sodium 22 is used in nuclear medicine imaging for positron emission tomography. Sodium -24 can also be used in non-medical applications.

Is sodium-22 stable?

What is the difference between sodium-23 and sodium 24?

The atoms of both isotopes contain 11 protons, but sodium-23 has 12 neutrons whereas sodium-24 has 13. Sodium-23 is quite stable (for example, it is one of the elements in common salt – NaCl, sodium chloride). Sodium-24, however, is not stable.

What is the nuclear equation for the electron capture of NA-22?

You will sometimes see the electron capture of Na-22 being described as a positron emission. The nuclear equation for that process is 22 11Na →22 10 Ne + β+ +νe, where β+ – a positron – the antiparticle of the electron (same mass, opposite charge);

How does Sodium-22 undergo electron capture and nuclear transmutation?

1 Answer. Stefan V. Sodium-22 undergoes electron capture according to the following nuclear equation: Notice that the electron capture of Na-22 results in nuclear transmutation; the inner-orbital electron is captured by the nucleus, the result being the formation of a neutron from the combination of said electron with a proton from the nucleus.

What is the difference between Sodium-22 and sodium-24?

Sodium-22 is composed of 11 protons, 11 neutrons, and 11 electrons. odium-22 is a radioactive isotope of sodium, undergoing positron emission to 22Ne with a half-life of 2.605 years. It is also commonly used as a positron source in positron annihilation spectroscopy. Sodium-24 is composed of 11 protons, 12 neutrons, and 11 electrons.

What is the electron configuration of sodium in the periodic table?

The number of electrons in each element’s electron shells, particularly the outermost valence shell, is the primary factor in determining its chemical bonding behavior. In the periodic table, the elements are listed in order of increasing atomic number Z. Electron configuration of Sodium is [Ne] 3s1. Possible oxidation states are -1; +1.

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